From Fort Nassau to Gloucester Town
The Dutch colony of New Netherland was surrendered to the English starting 1664 and in 1674 the Dutch renounced all claims to the area.
As early as 1675 the British, at least on paper attempt to settle the area under the name “Bethlem Township”. This is what was the first attempt by the English to settle what would later become Gloucester. But not much came of “Bethlem Township” but it does appear on maps from the period.
Gloucester Town was created when Gloucester County was created in 1686. Gloucester County then was what today is all of present day Gloucester, Camden (1844) and Atlantic (1837) Counties. Prior to that Gloucester County was part of Burlington County.
Gloucester Town was the county seat for Gloucester County from 1686 until 1786. When a fire destroyed the county court house, it was decided to move the county seat to Woodbury which continues to serve at the county seat for Gloucester County.
Gloucester Town became part of Camden County when it was created in 1844.
As part of its role as the county seat Gloucester Town would host the courts, gaol (jail) and often was the place of punishment including executions. Inns & Taverns were needed to host those having business with the county.
The Gloucester Fox Hunting Club was here:
The most famous inn & tavern in Gloucester Town was Hugg's Tavern which beside hosting court business, was rendezvous point for the member of the Gloucester Fox Hunting Club from 1766 until 1818.
The hounds for the fox hunt club were kept at Gloucester Town. The Gloucester Fox Hunt Club members were some of the most prominent members of Philadelphia society along with number of Gloucester County residents.
Hugg's Tavern was located on the Delaware River also was a the location of the Gloucester and Greenwich Point Ferry landing which afforded the members of the club an convenient crossing from Philadelphia to New Jersey.
More on the club and it's members can be found in this 1830 account:
Betsy Ross was Here:
The November 4, 1773 marriage of John Ross & Elizabeth Griscom; better known as, Betsy Ross likely took place at Hugg's Tavern since John Ross was a friend to the Hugg family. The Justice of the Peace James Bowman of Gloucester Town, who lived at the nearby malt house, performed the ceremony.
Their marriage license, like all marriage licenses at that time is signed by the (last) Royal Governor of New Jersey; William Franklin who was Ben Franklin's son.
[ There is no evidence that Betsy Griscom was born in Gloucester Town. Betsy's parents Rebecca and Samuel Griscom, are both listed as residents of Philadelphia at the time of their own marriage in 1741 and Samuel was from a long line of carpenters living in and working in Philadelphia. Samuel is listed as a member of the Carpenters Hall in Philadelphia.
In 1754, Samuel Griscom is listed as a point of contact for the sale of a farmer in Newton Township (present day Camden NJ ), but he lived at Combs's Alley in Philadelphia at that time. Samuel would be listed as a point of contact for other properties in the Philadelphia area as well. The 1754 advertainment is used by some as proof that Betsy was born in New Jersey and that the Griscom's moved to Philadelphia when she was three. ]
Gloucester Town resident, Samuel Harrison, the Mariner
and sometimes a smuggler.
Gloucester Town resident Samuel Harrison had a plantation in the north end of Gloucester along the Newton Creek. His home was located on present day North Brown Street.
Harrison's profession was that of a Mariner and he was caught trying to bring in un-taxed cargo in 1694 on board the "Pennsylvania Merchant". This resulted in confiscation of the 80 ton vessel. It appears Harrison would be able to re-acquire the vessel by likely paying court imposed the liens.
Hugg's Tavern on the Delaware River around 1929 just prior to it being torn down.
1773 Marriage License for John & Betsy Ross >
ca 1678 map of “Bethlem Township” and the Dutch fort.
As early as 1675 the British, at least on paper attempted to settle the area under the name "“Bethlem Township”. This is what was the first attempt by the English to settle what would later become Gloucester. Not much came of “Bethlem Township” but it does appear on maps from the period.
John Carter Brown Collections / The John Carter Brown Library
1768- Marriage of John Heritage and Susannah Marple
8th of December 1768
Justice of the Peace John Hinchman
Heritage ran a Tavern on King Street
made a land purchase on July 4th 1776.
[ Gloucester City Historical Society / file 54-1 ]
King George the Third
Patent for Gloucester Town